From the steps of the Lewistown courthouse this morning, Mindy Crawford, Executive Director of Preservation Pennsylvania, announced new additions to our list of the state’s most endangered historic resources. The eight sites were selected from nominations submitted by the public in 2015 and will become Preservation Pennsylvania’s work priorities in 2016.
2015 Pennsylvania At Risk List
· Anderson Brick Block, Elk County
· Farrandsville Furnace, Clinton County
· Lewistown Historic District, Mifflin County
· Lindenwold, Montgomery County
· Old Economy Bachelors’ Quarters, Beaver County
· People’s Hall, Chester County
· St. Paul’s United Methodist Church, Luzerne County
· West Middletown Historic District, Washington County
The annual Pennsylvania At Risk list seeks to
• draw statewide attention to the plight of Pennsylvania’s historic resources
• promote and support local action to protect historic properties
• encourage funding and legislation that supports preservation activities
Below you can read a brief description of each of this year’s At Risk sites. The Pennsylvania At Risk 2015 publication may be viewed online or downloaded by clicking here.
(Preservation Pennsylvania members will receive a copy in the mail.)
Preservation Pennsylvania offers individuals, communities and organizations free technical assistance to help prevent historic properties from reaching At Risk crisis status.
You can help!
Not all At Risk properties can be saved, but our track record proves that many can. Calling attention to the plight of these special places gives each one a better chance of finding the right combination of people, support and ideas -- the resources necessary to result in a "Save"! Get involved! To take action in your community, consult our free publication, How to Protect and Preserve the Places that Matter to You.
Anderson Brick Block, 523-569 Market Street, Johnsonburg, Elk County
THREAT: Physical Deterioration
The Anderson Brick Block was one of the first brick commercial buildings constructed in downtown Johnsonburg. This extraordinary building dominates the east side of Market Street for nearly half the length of the National Register-listed Johnsonburg Commercial Historic District.
The 12-bay brick building is two stories high, with a 3-story bay accentuating each end. Unfortunately, the building has been altered to some extent and its condition is deteriorating. The building is partially vacant, and at risk of disaster, such as fire, or continued deterioration. It is in need of upgrades to attract quality tenants. The current owner is not interested in investing in the needed upgrades, but is willing to sell (or perhaps donate) the building to someone with the capacity to rehabilitate it.
Farrandsville Furnace, 400 Block Farrandsville Road, (Lock Haven) Colebrook Township, Clinton CountyTHREAT: Physical Deterioration
The Farrandsville Furnace was completed in 1837, and significant for its role in the development of hot blast iron furnaces in America. While the furnace sits at an easily accessible location, physical deterioration of the property has become so severe that it is no longer safe to visit. The furnace is owned by the Clinton County Historical Society, which is committed to stabilizing this property. The Historical Society received a grant to evaluate the cost of rehabilitating the property, but is unable to act upon this report without further funding and support. The owner is well-intentioned, but needs assistance to preserve this important historic site.
Lewistown Historic District, 17-33 East Market Street & 8 North Brown Street, Lewistown, Mifflin CountyTHREAT: Demolition for Chain Retail Development
The National Register-eligible Lewistown Historic District will be negatively impacted by the proposed demolition of nine historic buildings (17-33 East Market Street and 8 North Brown Street) for the construction of a new CVS pharmacy.
In order to accommodate a new 12,000 square foot, one-story CVS drugstore, its drive through, 53 off-street parking spaces, utilities and stormwater management, 11 properties in Lewistown’s downtown historic district will be acquired and consolidated into a single 1.1-acre lot. All of the buildings standing on these lots will be demolished, including approximately 9 historic buildings and at least 3 outbuildings. In addition to the significant loss of historic buildings, the proposed new development will detract from the overall character of the historic district by inserting a building whose setback, height and materials are not compatible with its historic neighbors.
Lindenwold, 701 S. Bethlehem Pike, (Ambler) Upper Dublin Township, Montgomery CountyTHREAT: Historic Character Compromised by Development
Lindenwold is currently under an agreement of sale to a development team that hopes to establish a residential community on this 45 acre estate.
The developer believes that by preserving "the castle,” the main entrance, two gate houses, a walking path, sunken garden, lake and 19 acres of open space, they are doing the right thing. But because the character-defining landscape will be negatively impacted by the removal of more than 1500 mature trees, regrading of the site, and the construction of approximately 350 housing units and a parking garage, the community is not satisfied.
The essential historic character of the property, built by Dr. Richard V. Mattison, "the man who built Ambler," will not be preserved by the proposed intensive development. To preserve this historic estate, alternative development plans should be explored.
Old Economy Bachelors’ Quarters, 284 Thirteenth Street, Ambridge, Beaver CountyTHREAT: Physical Deterioration
Often referred to as the bachelors’ quarters, this building once housed the single men of the Harmony Society and is both historically and architecturally significant.
The Harmonists' emerging philosophy of celibacy, which is represented by this building, played a critical role in leading to the religious sect’s eventual extinction. The property is located in the Old Economy National Historic Landmark district and in a locally regulated historic district.
Despite its tremendous historic significance, the bachelors' quarters has deteriorated to the point where its future is uncertain. Used for decades as a multi-unit rental property, the property is now for sale and in need of a new owner who will complete the extensive rehabilitation and get the building back into productive use.
People’s Hall, 810 Doe Run Road, East Fallowfield Township, Chester CountyTHREAT: Physical Deterioration
People’s Hall was built in 1845 by the East Fallowfield Anti-Slavery Society, a local Quaker Abolitionist group. This building housed their meetings and served as the local headquarters for the abolitionist movement.
People’s Hall is managed by a board of Trustees, which over time became sparsely populated and marginally functional. As a result, maintenance of the building was deferred, causing interior and exterior damage that needs to be stabilized and repaired. The board has now been restructured, and with new talent and energy, is committed to returning People’s Hall to its rightful status as an important community building. They are seeking additional recognition, support and funding to preserve this threatened property.
St. Paul’s United Methodist Church, 133 W. Green Street, Hazleton, Luzerne CountyTHREAT: Physical Deterioration due to Vacancy and Abandonment
Once a lively community center, this vacant historic church is now languishing. The building is deteriorating, and its unique architecture is at risk due to deferred maintenance and vandalism. Because of the church’s design, history and central location, it has strong potential for redevelopment via adaptive reuse.
Members of the community hope to work together and with partners to identify potential new uses and find a new preservation-minded owner to rehabilitate the historic church.
West Middletown Historic District, West Middletown, Washington CountyTHREAT: Physical Deterioration
West Middletown is a quaint, historic, roadside community that developed circa 1800. It was once a bustling little town of buildings that housed a variety of commercial enterprises, with craftsmen and shopkeepers living in residences connected to their businesses. Today, West Middletown’s aging buildings are in need of significant repairs and upgrades.
As the local and regional economy have changed, the community’s buildings are now owned by local residents that lack the means to upgrade their properties, or absentee landlords who choose not to invest in their rental properties.
The Borough of West Middletown recognizes the value of its historic buildings and their important role in the vitality of the community, and is seeking assistance in their efforts to preserve as many as possible.
In 2015 we visited every site on the Pennsylvania At Risk List
Preservation Pennsylvania began its annual endangered properties program in 1992. Since then, we've listed a total of 218 resources in Pennsylvania At Risk, including 5 statewide listings, 30 districts, 142 buildings, 20 sites, 17 structures and 4 objects. With the help of our partners, Preservation Pennsylvania’s staff recently visited each of these places to update our records on their progress or decline. After doing so, we realized that interesting trends were emerging in our data. We were able to define four clear threats to historic resources, and a number of factors that commonly contribute to each of those threats. We've also been able to look at how different resource types are faring – which are most often saved or rehabilitated, and which are most commonly lost.
Of the 218 historic resources listed in Pennsylvania At Risk because they were imminently threatened from 1992 through 2014, approximately 23% (50 resources) have been lost. Another 14% (31 resources) were partially saved, meaning that a compromise was struck, and part of the resource was saved, but parts were also lost. Amazingly, 36% of these threatened historic properties (78 resources) have been saved! The remaining 27% (59 resources) remain at risk, and will continue to be priorities for Preservation Pennsylvania in the coming years.
Not surprisingly, those resources threatened with demolition had, by far, the highest rate of loss. We lost 42% of those resources, which is much higher than our total loss percentage of 23%. This is also the area where we had the lowest percentage of saved resources, at just 21% compared to our total rate of 36% saved. This confirms that demolition is perhaps the greatest, most imminent and permanent threat to historic resources.
It may be interesting to note that those endangered resources that were most commonly saved (60%), were those properties that were threatened by inappropriate alterations. In many cases, those properties were buildings such as churches, schools and public buildings, that were being vacated by their original or intended users, and whose fate was thus unknown. Efforts to find preservation-minded new owners for these properties have clearly been largely successful. Although 9% have been unfavorably altered to some extent (thus a partial save), none have been lost completely.
We received 37 nominations to Pennsylvania At Risk in 2015 exceeding our past numbers tremendously. Of these, we will be listing 8 resources in 8 counties across the state.
Pennsylvania At Risk Database and Archives
To access a searchable database
of all properties listed in Pennsylvania At Risk
since 1992, click here.
PLEASE NOTE: Preservation Pennsylvania staff visited every extant site in 2015 to ascertain its current status. Community members are our eyes and ears in the field. We invite you to contact us if you have a status update or alert regarding an At Risk-listed site. Contact Erin at firstname.lastname@example.org